double densed uncounthest hour of allbleakest age with a bad of wind and a barrel of rain

double densed uncounthest hour of allbleakest age with a bad of wind and a barrel of rain is an in-progress piece for resonators and brass. I’m keeping a composition log here as I work on it.

There are sure to be many detours. Getting it in shape might involve:

Sunday March 3rd

Oh, look it is March!

The large allocation mystery ended up being sort of funny. Address Sanitizer and valgrind were pointing and shouting at the wavetable creation routine in the new pulsar osc saying that the attempt to create a wavetable with 4096 floats was allocating petabytes of memory. I still reach for print debugging first, which is ultimately what caused the confusion…

The argument to the allocator was a size_t value, and I’m in the lazy habit of printing those values as ints when I want to inspect them. (I guess typing the extra (int) cast seems easier than remembering to write %ld instead of %d? I don’t know why I started doing that, but this time casting the mangled value to an int printed it as 4096, as expected. Printing the value without casting sure enough showed the giant number of bytes being requested.

The value was coming in through a function call that uses va_args, and the size values were being read as size_t… but I was calling the function with ints, doh. This mangled the value somehow (the man pages say weird things can happen, sure enough!) and attempted to allocate a ridiculous amount of memory.

This whole experience made me like Address Sanitizer a lot, and it’s been helping find some other more minor issues today with its buddy valgrind.

Not getting a passing grade from valgrind anymore, but I’m down to a handful of issues to track down now! A couple look like they’re in the pipewire-jack implementation flagged as “possibly lost”, which is probably the pipewire devs doing clever things, but I’m hoping that’s not another rabbit hole waiting.

Looking forward to digging into an actual instrument script for rain. There’s more plumbing to do, I’d like to experiment with using LMDB as a sampler to store buffers that can be shared between instruments. I’m coming more and more around to the idea that I’d like to try to interact with the system through microphones and sensors mostly, with the input driven by a pile of trash/objects/toys/whatever plus brass… some kind of command interface is inevitable, but I’m feeling like it makes sense to minimize for this project and focus on the inputs/outputs to the system.

Here’s a little demo with the memory issues fixed again, not all that much to hear: there are 20 pulsar oscs spread across a parameter space tuned to a nice set of 12 pitches each enveloped by windows of various shapes. When the instrument gets a trigger message (through usb serial or some external thing, or another instrument) it runs the async render callback and puts the buffer into the scheduler – almost exactly like the python renderer, but skipping the serialization step since we can just pass pointers around when everything is in C-land.

Here’s the instrument program
#include "astrid.h"

#define NAME "pulsar"

#define SR 48000
#define CHANNELS 2

#define NUMOSCS (CHANNELS * 10)
#define WTSIZE 4096
#define NUMFREQS 12

lpfloat_t scale[] = {

enum InstrumentParams {

typedef struct localctx_t {
    lppulsarosc_t * oscs[NUMOSCS];
    lpbuffer_t * ringbuf;
    lpbuffer_t * env;

    lpbuffer_t * curves[NUMOSCS];
    lpfloat_t env_phases[NUMOSCS];
    lpfloat_t env_phaseincs[NUMOSCS];
} localctx_t;

lpbuffer_t * renderer_callback(void * arg) {
    lpbuffer_t * out;

    lpinstrument_t * instrument = (lpinstrument_t *)arg;
    localctx_t * ctx = (localctx_t *)instrument->context;

    out = LPBuffer.cut(ctx->ringbuf, LPRand.randint(0, SR*20), LPRand.randint(SR, SR*10));
    if(LPBuffer.mag(out) > 0.01) {
        LPFX.norm(out, LPRand.rand(0.6f, 0.8f));

    return out;

void audio_callback(int channels, size_t blocksize, float ** input, float ** output, void * arg) {
    size_t idx, i;
    int j, c;
    lpfloat_t freqs[NUMFREQS];
    lpfloat_t sample, amp, pw, saturation;
    lpinstrument_t * instrument = (lpinstrument_t *)arg;
    localctx_t * ctx = (localctx_t *)instrument->context;

    if(!instrument->is_running) return;

    for(i=0; i < blocksize; i++) {
        idx = (ctx->ringbuf->pos + i) % ctx->ringbuf->length;
        for(c=0; c < channels; c++) {
            ctx->ringbuf->data[idx * channels + c] = input[c][i];
    ctx->ringbuf->pos += blocksize;

    amp = astrid_instrument_get_param_float(instrument, PARAM_AMP, 0.08f);
    pw = astrid_instrument_get_param_float(instrument, PARAM_PW, 1.f);
    astrid_instrument_get_param_float_list(instrument, PARAM_FREQS, NUMFREQS, freqs);

    for(i=0; i < blocksize; i++) {
        sample = 0.f;
        for(j=0; j < NUMOSCS; j++) {
            saturation = LPInterpolation.linear_pos(ctx->curves[j], ctx->curves[j]->phase);
            ctx->oscs[j]->saturation = saturation;
            ctx->oscs[j]->pulsewidth = pw;
            ctx->oscs[j]->freq = freqs[j % NUMFREQS] * 4.f * 0.6f;

            sample += LPPulsarOsc.process(ctx->oscs[j]) * amp * LPInterpolation.linear_pos(ctx->env, ctx->env_phases[j]) * 0.12f;

            ctx->env_phases[j] += ctx->env_phaseincs[j];

            if(ctx->env_phases[j] >= 1.f) {
                // env boundries

            while(ctx->env_phases[j] >= 1.f) ctx->env_phases[j] -= 1.f;

            ctx->curves[j]->phase += ctx->env_phaseincs[j];
            while(ctx->curves[j]->phase >= 1.f) ctx->curves[j]->phase -= 1.f;

        for(c=0; c < channels; c++) {
            output[c][i] += (float)sample * 0.5f;

int main() {
    lpinstrument_t instrument = {0};
    lpfloat_t selected_freqs[NUMFREQS] = {0};
    // create local context struct
    localctx_t * ctx = (localctx_t *)calloc(1, sizeof(localctx_t));
    if(ctx == NULL) {
        printf("Could not alloc ctx: (%d) %s\n", errno, strerror(errno));

    // create env and ringbuf
    ctx->env = LPWindow.create(WIN_HANNOUT, 4096);
    ctx->ringbuf = LPBuffer.create(SR * 30, CHANNELS, SR);

    // setup oscs and curves
    for(int i=0; i < NUMOSCS; i++) {
        ctx->env_phases[i] = LPRand.rand(0.f, 1.f);
        ctx->env_phaseincs[i] = (1.f/SR) * LPRand.rand(0.001f, 0.1f);
        ctx->curves[i] = LPWindow.create(WIN_RND, 4096);

        ctx->oscs[i] = LPPulsarOsc.create(2, 2, // number of wavetables, windows
            WT_SINE, WTSIZE, WT_TRI2, WTSIZE,   // wavetables and sizes
            WIN_SINE, WTSIZE, WIN_HANN, WTSIZE  // windows and sizes

        ctx->oscs[i]->samplerate = (lpfloat_t)SR;
        ctx->oscs[i]->wavetable_morph_freq = LPRand.rand(0.001f, 0.15f);
        ctx->oscs[i]->phase = 0.f;

    // Set the stream and async render callbacks
    instrument.callback = audio_callback; // FIXME call this `stream` maybe, or `ugens`?
    instrument.renderer = renderer_callback;

    if(astrid_instrument_start(NAME, CHANNELS, (void*)ctx, &instrument) < 0) {
        printf("Could not start instrument: (%d) %s\n", errno, strerror(errno));

    /* populate initial freqs */
    for(int i=0; i < NUMFREQS; i++) {
        selected_freqs[i] = scale[LPRand.randint(0, NUMFREQS*2) % NUMFREQS] * 0.5f + LPRand.rand(0.f, 1.f);
    astrid_instrument_set_param_float_list(&instrument, PARAM_FREQS, selected_freqs, NUMFREQS);

    while(instrument.is_running) {

        // Respond to param update messages -- TODO: parse param args with PARAM_ consts
        if(instrument.msg.type == LPMSG_UPDATE) {
            syslog(LOG_DEBUG, "MSG: update | %s\n", instrument.msg.msg);
            for(int i=0; i < NUMFREQS; i++) {
                selected_freqs[i] = scale[LPRand.randint(0, NUMFREQS*2) % NUMFREQS] * 0.5f + LPRand.rand(0.f, 1.f);
            astrid_instrument_set_param_float_list(&instrument, PARAM_FREQS, selected_freqs, NUMFREQS);
            astrid_instrument_set_param_float(&instrument, PARAM_AMP, LPRand.rand(0.5f, 1.f));
            astrid_instrument_set_param_float(&instrument, PARAM_PW, LPRand.rand(0.05f, 1.f));

    for(int o=0; o < NUMOSCS; o++) {



    return 0;

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